Coffee Production

I don’t know about you, but I drink a lot of coffee, my first drink of the day is always tea, simply because it’s more refreshing, but then it’s coffee all the way, i prefer proper ground and filtered but an quite happy with instant too, as long as it’s not the really cheap stuff.

Did you know that coffee is the second most popular drink worldwide, the only thing more popular is

The chances are if you have a cup it will be Brazilian or at least a blend which includes Brazilian, because they produce 30%, closely followed by Columbia. Equatorial regions are where coffee is grown as it’s a tropical plant which likes plenty of hot, damp, humid conditions to produce it’s small red berries which the coffee bean as we know it, is inside of. It does differ from many commercial crops though as the berries must be picked at the right moment for the full flavour to be produced when the beans are roasted, therefore it’s picked by hand to make sure that exact moment of perfect ripeness is achieved.

Once the flesh has been removed to expose the coffee bean inside, they are laid out to dry in the sun, this is usually done on flat roofs or on large flat areas of dry ground, as they dry they are turned to make sure they are dried properly.

It’s worth mentioning that although many coffee companies now insist on buying fairtrade coffee that not all companies are as ethical, so if you are concerned about this (as we all should be) make sure you look out for the fairtrade label when you buy. A popular one is the Jamaican blue mountain coffee

The roasting is next, the beans are often shipped to another country for this process, which is why you will have an Italian roasted coffee for example, it’s not that the beans are grown in that country, rather that the roasting, blending  and possibly grinding processes are performed there. The real flavour is controlled when coffee beans are roasted and it is a very skilled and in many cases, well paid job. As the coffee beans are roasted, they start to pop, if the beans are taken out after the first popping noise, this produces a mellow lighter flavour, if however they are left in for longer and allowed to go much darker (like the ones you see in the local Costa coffee in those little trays, provided the kids haven’t got to them and mixed them all up!) this produces the deep rich flavours of stronger coffees such as espresso. One of the reasons that more expensive coffee is more expensive is not necessarily so much to do with the beans themselves as the roasting process.  The longer the beans are roasted, the higher the chance that they will split, this means they need to be taken out as if they are left in and stored for any length of time they can go off and are no good for the brew.

So next time you are sitting outside your favourite coffee shop drinking that espresso, give some thought to the journey the beans have been on and the process which has made them into the worlds second most popular beverage.


What to Wear

Weddings: What to Wear

Choosing the ideal outfit for a wedding can be a tricky balance.  For a start, you don’t want to upstage the bride or she’ll claw your eyes out.  The general rule therefore is not to dress top to toe in white/ivory/champagne/cream – whatever you want to call it.  And certainly don’t turn up in a veil.  Another no-no of wedding fashion is the dreaded black.  Now most women fall back on their LBD for events like these but, with a few exceptions, they can look a little bit funereal.  So it’s safer to opt for bright colours and pastels.

Do your research

Something a lot of people forget to do is to find out what colour the bridesmaids will be wearing.  If you turn up in the very same shade, you’ll run the risk of being grouped together with them all day.  If you can’t find out for any reason, go for something patterned.  It’s unlikely that the bridesmaids will show up in the same dress!

Also make sure you are aware of the time and venue of the wedding before hitting the shops.  An evening event will require an altogether dressier approach whereas daytime weddings usually involve a more relaxed style.

Seasonal Choices

Of course, the date of the wedding will play a large part in what you choose to wear.  You don’t want to be freezing your eyelashes off in a mini-dress in the middle of December, nor do you want to be sweating profusely in a thick woolly number in August.  If you’re attending a winter wedding, why not find a smart shift dress and team it with complementary tights and a thick jacket?  The same dress should work in the summer too if you remove the extras and choose instead to take a light shrug for later in the evening.

Footwear can be a bit difficult too so again, do your research.  If the reception is going to be in a floorless marquee, probably best to leave the stilettos at home, opting for a wider heel and fewer embarrassing sinking moments.  If the wedding is a casual affair, you might get away with flip flops that can be kicked off later for dancing, but do check the dress code (or lack thereof) before whacking on your Havaianas.

Hats Off – or On

Weddings and hats go hand in hand.  Try not to choose anything too overbearing or you’ll end up stealing focus (and probably blocking out half of the Bride’s cousins in the pictures).  A simple fascinator is a popular choice and there are plenty available on the high street.  You can even make your own if you’re feeling crafty.

Be Appropriate

This is especially important if you are attending a church wedding.  Remember to keep skirts to an appropriate length especially if you plan on having a knees up to the wedding band and put that cleavage away.  The bride will look daggers at you if half the congregation can’t tear their eyes from your décolletage or the wedding photographer takes more pictures of you, then they do of the happy couple.  Sophisticated and demure are good buzzwords, so bear them in mind.

A Special Day

Bridal Jewelry – a Special Way to Remember a Special Day
Many people spend a lot of money on jewelry for their wedding day only to subsequently put it away in a jewelry box, becoming almost ignored.  This is such a shame when it can be worn to remember and celebrate that special day and all those lovely moments associated with it.

Something Spectacular for Your Wedding Day
Every bride wants to look and feel special on her wedding day.  Of course, the main focus is on the dress but to set off the wedding gown, some really special jewelry will make her look and feel really confident about herself.  It is known that, in most cases, the gown is never worn again but the history doesn’t have to repeat itself in regards to wedding jewelry.  It is up to the individual how often she wears it but on wedding anniversaries it would be a really special way of remembering the occasion and not just the date. After all, everyone else can by a wedding outfit and wear it again, so why not the bride too, well perhaps not the whole thing!

It isn’t necessary to just stick to wearing your wedding jewelry on wedding anniversaries though, you can wear it any time you want; at any intimate meals out with your husband, special occasions such as theatre shows or if you are going on a cruise.

Many brides choose sets of matching jewelry for their big day and having a complete set of necklace, earrings and maybe a matching bracelet would complement any outfit.  Use your wedding jewelry to accessorize more than one outfit.  Think of the eternal “little black dress.”  How stunning would that look with some spectacular jewelry to set it off?  You don’t have to go out and buy something especially for the occasion; just use your wedding jewelry and you have got it made.

Wedding Jewelry is Versatile
Wedding outfits are usually white or cream and the type of jewelry that is worn is generally either pearls, diamonds or crystals.  Any of these would go beautifully with a formal gown.  To wear the treasured wedding jewels on a formal occasion such as this would once again make you feel special and remind you of the day that you took your vows.

Add the Element of Surprise
Next time you and your husband are planning on going out on a formal occasion, get out those wedding jewels, dust them off and wear them with pride, and see if your husband notices.  Men don’t notice these things very often, but if he does, he will be very touched that you want to remember your special day and even if he doesn’t, remind him and he’ll most likely be just as appreciative.

Of course, you will undoubtedly have wedding photographs taken by a professional and experienced wedding photographer and may even have film of everyone dancing to the party band you hired, but there are many memories you could have, however a piece of jewellery is second to none.

Remember that your wedding jewelry shouldn’t be an inexpensive piece of costume jewelry that you choose to ignore; it is a significant reminder of a celebration of your love for one another; use it as such.  Wearing your wedding jewelry is like wearing your heart on your sleeve and re-proclaiming that your love for each other is as strong as it ever was.  Wear your wedding jewelry with pride.

Personally Injured

If you personally have been injured in an accident, what can you do? There are multiple options open to you depending what kind of injury has been sustained, where it happened and under what circumstances.

The Type
Lets say you were walking through the town and a car careers off the road towards you, the driver is completely out of control and you are hit, assuming it’s not too serious, then you are probably in a very good position to make a claim, if the police were involved and the driver is prosecuted by them, you could easily get compensation if they are found guilty.  If not and you are confident that you have a case, you could try a no win no fee solicitor (or lawyer if you are reading this from the US) they have a pretty good success rate for the cases they take on, as they fund the whole court process them self and claim the compensation from the other party should you win, if they lose they fund it out of their own pocket. So you can be pretty confident if they take you on at all.

Where it Happened
OK so if you slice your finger in half with a kitchen knife whilst making the tea, you are going to struggle to find anyone to blame but yourself. If however it was an accident which happened at work, you may have a case. If you were not supplied adequate safety equipment for the task being undertaken, it could easily be seen as your employer being at fault. Of course you do need to consider how much you would get compared to the cold shoulder you would receive every day once back in the workplace, particular4ly if you work for a small company.

What were the Circumstances?
Essentially what I’m talking about here is were you being reckless or acting in a dangerous way yourself? Did you break an ankle stepping off the bus when it hadn’t actually stopped yet and there was a big sign saying “do not get off until the bus has stopped moving”. Or had someone left a bag laying across the step as you attempted to get off? I expect you know what’s coming here,,, Yes, the former is your own fault, the latter is an accident, so don’t think you can do whatever you like and expect to be compensated for the consequence.

I am by no stretch of the imagination a personal injury solicitor myself, so don’t take my advice, find a professional lawyer to discuss the case with, if for example you are around Wiltshire look for a personal injury solicitor in Swindon or depending on your particular location within wilt’s  a Cheltenham based personal injury solicitor, if however you are in Oxfordshire you are best with someone more local, so you can pop in to see them when you need to discuss specifics about the case, so try to find an Oxford personal injury solicitor. Any properly experienced and suitably qualified no win no fee solicitors will be able to advise about accidents at work or clinical negligence too, but it’s always nice to find a local one.

Songwriting a Core Skill

Why is it that it’s the most inopportune moments when a song pops into my head, be it lyrics or a riff, I could be sitting there in a wedding service, or paying for my weekly shopping, either way there is no real way to capture the idea, so I think I can hold it for a while until I do have the opportunity, but inevitably it’s gone by the time I do.  The only way to capture these ideas is to have a recording device with you at all times, not so difficult if you have a reasonably modern mobile phone, but just make sure it’s captured there and then. Don’t worry about looking a fool in front of the cashier, although if you are at a wedding probably best to not sit there humming a tune, other than the songs you are supposed to be singing that is. If it’s a lyrical idea, it’s not so bad as you can generally stop whatever you’re doing and write them down there and then, so make sure that you always carry a pen and paper with you wherever you venture.

More likely you have the age old problem of writers block, this happens not only to musicians but also people writing novels, text books or even posts on blogs, strangely I don’t have this problem writing on the web, but that’s probably because I only log in to write when I have something to stay, whereas when you are in the studio with time ticking away with those pound notes, my mind goes as blank as the next persons.

So what can one do if you have a case of writers block? I often find that not giving up is key, there are many times that my musical cohort Martin has come round for a recording session, we set some drums going, then add a simple bassline, then we start on the keyboards, nothing! Then we get the guitars out, Still nothing! We stop, pour another glass of wine (yeah yeah, I know it’s a bit girly, but it’s cheap!) We try again, then go back to another old song and try the same with that, still nothing, then suddenly, perhaps an hour later, sometimes two or more something just clicks and an idea happens, it could be a riff or lick, sometimes a vocal hook, or it can often be a mistake such as playing the wrong track through the wrong channel, suddenly making a bassline come out through a different instrument a few octaves higher. The thing is somehow we end up with a new idea, so as long as you are enjoying it, there’s no harm in messing about until the idea just comes of its own accord.

Something else I find can work really well is to put some music on in another room and mess around with the treble and bass controls, or graphic equaliser if you still have your old 80’s retro stereo, hearing something like this, somewhat muffled from another room, with the volume down quite low, can make you hear little nuances in the music which you have never noticed before, sometimes something will stand out as you hear new harmonies which you never noticed, this has been the basis for an entire song for me on several occasions.

Remember too that different people write best in different environments, personally I like to be in the studio with the volume at a reasonably low volume, which is of course cranked up from time to time, however an acoustic guitar player is more likely to prefer a quiet room with minimal interruptions. On the other hand a good friend and semi professional musician has his kit at one end of the lounge, so often has his wife tearing round with the hoover, kids playing around his feet and the dog laying on them, but he turns out some great tunes, so it really is a case of working in an environment which suits you.

Talking of bands, I saw a great wedding band play the other day, they were one of the best wedding bands I’ve seen, they did classic wedding songs which everyone loved, the day also started with a cocktail pianist and ended with a disco, if I was going to hire a band for a private function of any kind, for corporate entertainment or needed a wedding band, I would certainly book them, it’s a shame I can’t remembver their name!

Humanities and Social Sciences

The 14–19 diplomas apply only to England UK. Equivalent innovations are in development for  Scotland (the Curriculum for Excellence) and Wales (the Welsh Baccalaureate).

A brave new world of qualifications began in September 2009 when the first five new diplomas – in subjects ranging from media to engineering – were introduced to the UK curriculum.

An Advanced Diploma is the equivalent of Three and a half A levels; with the Higher Diploma being equivalent to seven 7 GCSE passes at grades C to A in varying subjects; and the Foundation Diploma is equivalent to five GCSE passes with grades below C.

The core footprint of the Humanities Diploma is as follows:

* Archaeology
* Citizenship
* Classics
* Classical Civilisation
* Economics
* English Language
* English Literature
* Geography
* History
* Law
* Philosophy
* Politics
* Psychology
* Religious Education
* Sociology
* World Development

A long-standing criticism of post-14 education in the UK has been that it is divided between the academic and the vocational, therefore does not include tourism for example.

The diplomas in general and specifically the humanities one have not seen the high level of pupil take-up so far which was originally predicted by ministers. Only 12,000 had begun the first five qualifications during September — a figure dramatically lower the 50,000 originally estimated.

Right in the middle of the syllabus are skills which involve muscular control and intellectual imagination in approximately equal proportions, these include playing a musical instrument, painting, constructing an engineering model, or captaining a football team for example.

The courses are run at further education centres around the UK, Wiltshire College being an example, there are centres throughout the county of Wiltshire, including Chippenham, Corsham, Devizes, Salisbury, Trowbridge and Warminster.

Tourism and Supporting Industries

The tourism industry covers a huge range of companies and is said to be the worlds largest industry sector. The implications of tourism on the economy, be it local, national or international are huge, even to many supporting companies whom one would not initially consider to be tourism related at all.

Being a tourist can also cover a very wide range of activities, to visiting a wildlife park in a town nearby, to spending many thousands of pounds taking a 6 month cruise around the world. So when we consider this, it becomes quite easy to see the number of businesses which can directly be involved, let’s take an example of a weekend break from Wiltshire, to Barcelona, the break was probably booked through a website specialising in holiday bookings, the airline transported the tourist to the other country, a taxi or transfer service took them to the hotel in which they stayed, they ate and drank for the duration of the break they then had a return journey.This covers several of the key businesses involved which we would consider, however there are many many more involved indirectly.

Firstly that website through which the holiday was booked had to be designed by a web design company, that fact that it was found in the search engines means that an seo company probably optimised it to appear there, not to mention the search engines themselves who are huge business, plus all the hardware and software involved in making the purchase, from the internet card processing companies, through to those who design and supply software specifically to on-line tourism businesses.

The airline themselves have a multitude of supporting businesses, from the suppliers of in flight meals, to the companies who maintain the runways.

Hotels and restaurants support their local economies in a massive way from all the catering supplies purchased, towels and linen laundry services and local labour employed, those people in turn spending their wages in local shops and bars.

The companies mentioned above, are all outside of Wiltshire, so this doesn’t even consider the non tourist related services in the local area which may have been used to earn our imaginary traveller the money and lifestyle to travel around Europe in the first place.

There are numerous companies involved but if you would like to know a bit more about seo for tourism companies or wiltshire seo specialists please do browse around our site for more information. Or just do a search on Google if you want more information about any other aspect of the tourist industry.

Traditional Bridal Attire

Jodha Akbar Costumes

Jodha Akbar is a Bollywood film based on a sixteenth century Mughal king called Akbar who marries a Jajiput princess called Jodha. The story is essentially a love story about the two. Here we discuss the costumes overall – there is a lot more to the clothes and jewellery in  the flim than the now common “Jodha bridal look” as copied from the advertisement poster.

Given that the film contains Mughals & Rajasthani royalty this means that Jodha Akbar costumes are lavish and the traditional. Jodha & Akbar did really exist, so the costume designers used portaits of them to reconstruct their garments & jewellery. The iconic look of Jodha on the advert was infact based on a turn of the 19th century painting not of Jodha (below right).

Jodha’s wedding dresses were all lengas in Rajistani style. The lenghas  were all made from vibrant silks. The stlye was to use patchwork in contrasting rich bright colours. Her lengha skirts contained contrasting boarders around the hem-line with this patch boarder picked up in the hem of the chuni also.

Each of Jodha’s outfits contained a minimum of 3 complementing colours – this has influenced Indian fashion  and current trends still use this idea of several colour in one outfit with a lot of boarder work. The colours which have proven most popular from the film are: the jewel colours – reds, rubies, emerald green & sapphire blue.

All Jodha’s costumes were heavily embroidered by hand, using traditional techniques not too different to how the true Jodha’s lenghas would have been made. The embroidery was predominately patti work, dhabka, zardoshi  in shades of  gold with some kundan work. There was no crystal/swarovsky used in the movie as this is not true to the traditional look, so if you are trying to mimic Jodha’s look avoid swarovsky crystal.

Jodha’s wore traditional Indian jewellery as worn by royalty in the 16th century. This was all solid gold sent with pearls &  gem stones and kundan jewellery. Again this has dictated Indian fashion & current Indian bridal jewellery is very much in this style. Ashwariya Rai wore a math patti for most of the film.

The costumes worn by Akbar’s mother were also stunning. She wore stunning, now Pakistani-style, lenghas with their distinctive sophisticated long lengha tops. Her necklines were also very high to maintain modesty. The mother of the groom also wore kundan but also stunning jhoomers. This is the perfect example of how the mother of a bride or groom can wear heavy jewellery,  provided it is in a traditional style and premium quality  an older woman can wear quite a lot of jewellery and look rich and sophisticated.

Akbar wore sherwanis typical of the era, again original portraits allowed costume designers to emulated the look accurately. Hritik’s outfits consisted of long A-shaped tops with matching pajamis and mojari shoes. He did not wear a scarf with his shewanis. Akbar mostly wore a regal turban decorated with a kalangi (turban pin) with pearl  chains

To see Indian Jewellery and Indian Bridal Jewellery including Jodha Akbar, have a look at there is a fantastic range available.